Peter Wall News Feed
Partnership with Michael Smith Foundation funds Knowledge Brokers for two health-related Solutions Projects
Two Wall Solutions Projects pursuing innovative health solutions will be supported to implement knowledge translation strategies through MSFHR’s 2015 Supplemental Knowledge Broker Funding Competition.
The competition, held in partnership with the Wall Solutions Initiative (WSI), will fund the hiring of knowledge brokers who will engage with diverse stakeholders and use knowledge translation models, strategies, and activities to enhance the use of health research evidence in policy and practice.
The two teams approved to receive supplemental knowledge broker funding are both undertaking health-related projects funded by WSI that will partner with end-users or community partners to develop practical research solutions to societal problems. It is expected that the knowledge brokers funded through this competition will be embedded within the WSI projects to develop, implement, and evaluate the use of knowledge translation strategies and activities.
This funding opportunity aligns with MSFHR’s strategic focus on enhancing the use of research evidence in practice and policy.
“Partnerships between researchers, research users, and knowledge brokers result in the development of knowledge to address issues of importance to the research users,” says Gayle Scarrow, knowledge translation director at MSFHR. “This knowledge is a marriage of the local and expert knowledge brought by the users coupled with the research evidence developed in partnership with the researchers.”
MSFHR thanks the members of the competition review panel for their contributions and congratulates the following 2015 MSFHR/WSI Supplemental Knowledge Broker Funding recipients on their successful applications.
Supporting the Achievement of Health Goals with Formerly Incarcerated Men
- Principal investigator: Dr. Ruth Elwood, Clinical Professor, School of Population and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, UBC
- Community partner/End-user organization: Ms. Catherine Latimer, Executive Director, John Howard Society of Canada
Incarcerated individuals, 90% of whom are male, suffer vast health inequities compared to the general population. They face multiple barriers to reintegration and to seeking and receiving health care and health support following their release from correctional facilities.
This community-based participatory research project seeks to answer the question, “Will peer health mentoring result in successful reintegration and achievement of health goals for men leaving federal correctional facilities in BC?” The aim is to determine what the health goal priorities are for the formerly incarcerated men and if peer health mentors improve the achievement of individuals' health goals.
The project will invite, train, and support formerly incarcerated individuals to become peer health mentors. The mentors will work with men recently released from correctional facilities to address and meet their self-identified health goals. This project has the potential to produce life-altering results, increasing men's chances of successful reintegration, and becoming self-sustaining, contributing citizen.
Evaluating the Impact of Alternative Social Assistance Timing on Drug-Related Harm
- Principal investigator: Dr. Lindsey Richardson, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts, UBC
- Community partner/End-user organization: Mr. Russ Maynard, Harm Reduction Manager, PHS Community Services Society; Mr. Kevin Grant, Project Manager, Pigeon Park Savings
Coordinated monthly social assistance payments, while seeking to alleviate poverty, can have negative and unintended impacts, particularly among people who use illicit drugs (PWUD). Observational research has identified escalations in drug-related harm coinciding with assistance payments, such as overdose, treatment interruption and hospital admissions.
This project seeks to address these harms through an intervention to vary the timing and frequency of social assistance disbursement and an assessment of whether this intervention reduces drug-related harm coinciding with synchronized social assistance. Conducted among 273 PWUD, participants will be allocated for 6 social assistance cycles to a control or one of two intervention arms.
Intervention arm participants will receive their social assistance through PPS: (1) monthly on a day different from government cheque issue; or (2) semi-monthly on days different from government cheque issue. The intervention will be evaluated using qualitative and quantitative methods for its impact on drug use and related harms.Learn More
Four gut bacteria decrease asthma risk in infants, says Peter Wall Distinguished Professor
New research by scientists at UBC and BC Children’s Hospital finds that infants can be protected from getting asthma if they acquire four types of gut bacteria by three months of age. More than 300 families from across Canada participated in this research through the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study.
“This research supports the hygiene hypothesis that we’re making our environment too clean. It shows that gut bacteria play a role in asthma, but it is early in life when the baby’s immune system is being established,” said the study’s co-lead researcher B. Brett Finlay, Peter Wall Distinguished Professor in the Michael Smith Laboratories and the departments of microbiology & immunology and biochemistry and molecular biology at UBC.
Asthma rates have increased dramatically since the 1950s and now affect up to 20 per cent of children in western countries. The discovery opens the door to developing probiotic treatments for infants that prevent asthma. The finding could also be used to develop a test for predicting which children are at risk of developing asthma.
The researchers analyzed fecal samples from 319 children involved in the CHILD Study. Analysis of the gut bacteria from the samples revealed lower levels of four specific gut bacteria in three-month-old infants who were at an increased risk for asthma.
Most babies naturally acquire these four bacteria, nicknamed FLVR (Faecalibacterium, Lachnospira, Veillonella, Rothia),from their environments, but some do not, either because of the circumstances of their birth or other factors.
The researchers also found fewer differences in FLVR levels among one-year-old children, meaning the first three months are a critical time period for a baby’s developing immune system.
The researchers confirmed these findings in mice and also discovered that newborn mice inoculated with the FLVR bacteria developed less severe asthma.
“This discovery gives us new potential ways to prevent this disease that is life-threatening for many children. It shows there’s a short, maybe 100-day window for giving babies therapeutic interventions to protect against asthma,” said co-lead researcher Dr. Stuart Turvey, pediatric immunologist, BC Children’s Hospital, director of clinical research and senior clinician scientist at the Child & Family Research Institute, Aubrey J. Tingle Professor of Pediatric Immunology at UBC.
The researchers say that further study with a larger number of children is required to confirm these findings and reveal how these bacteria influence the development of asthma.
The study was published today in in Science Translational Medicine.
Watch a video with the researchers here.
- There are trillions of bacteria in the human body, and they play an important role in human health. In fact, there are 10 times as many bacterial cells in the human body as there are human cells.
- The CHILD Study involves over 3,500 children across Canada whom researchers are tracking from before birth to age five in order to identify the factors associated with developing allergy and asthma. The CHILD Study has recruiting centres at BC Children’s Hospital in Vancouver, Women & Children’s Health Research Institute in Edmonton, the University of Manitoba, and SickKids in Toronto with its national coordinating centre headquartered at McMaster University in Hamilton.
Wall Faculty Associate receives Order of Canada
Please join us in congratulating Dr. Kenneth Craig, who was appointed as Officer of the Order of Canada. On July 1, 2015, His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, announced the new appointments to the Order of Canada in recognition of “outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service to the nation.”
A world-renowned pain expert and an active Peter Wall Faculty Associate, Dr. Craig’s research focuses upon pain assessment andmanagement, socialization of individual differences in pain experience and expression, social parameters of care delivery and pain in infants, children and people with communication limitations.
The Order of Canada, one of the country’s highest civilian honours, was established in 1967, during Canada’s centennial year, to recognize outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service to the nation. Recipients will be invited to accept their insignia at a ceremony to be held at a later date.Learn More
Gastón Gordillo appointed as new Acting Director
The Peter Wall Institute is delighted to announce the appointment of Dr. Gastón Gordillo as the Director, pro tem of the Institute, effective July 1, 2015.
Gastón is a professor in UBC’s Department of Anthropology and an active member of the Institute community. In 2014-2015, he received the Wall Scholar award, spending a year in residence at the Peter Wall Institute.
He was born and raised in Buenos Aires, Argentina, graduated from the University of Buenos Aires (1990) and then completed his PhD at the University of Toronto (1999). Gastón is a Guggenheim Scholar, was a visiting scholar at Harvard and Yale and a visiting professor at Cornell. He was also a resident fellow at the Bellagio Study Center in Bellagio, Italy.
Gastón’s research has been funded by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and through three large grants from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). His book Landscapes of Devils: Tensions of Place and Memory in the Argentinean Chaco (2004) won the American Ethnological Society Sharon Stephens Book Prize. Gastón’s most recent book is Rubble: The Afterlife of Destruction (2014).
This appointment is for a one year term. Please join us in welcoming Gastón to his new role at the Institute.
We would also like to take this opportunity to thank Nancy Gallini for her tremendous efforts as Acting Director of the Institute for the past year.
Upcoming International Research Roundtables Awarded
The Institute is pleased to announce the recipients of the 2015-16 International Research Roundtable Awards.
These research awards support meetings of scholars from the international community, Canada and UBC, for two to five days. Scholars have a unique opportunity to explore broad themes within an interdisciplinary environment, and to advance excellence in research in those areas.
International Research Roundtables often serve as a catalyst for future collaborative research between international scholars and UBC scholars.
The International Research Roundtables for 2015-16 are awarded to:
East Asian Manuscript and Print as Harbingers of the Digital Future
Dr. Jinhua Chen
Department of Asian Studies, Faculty of Arts, UBC
Dr. Christina Laffin
Department of Asian Studies, Faculty of Arts, UBC
Ethical Implications in Ebola Research and Development: Does This Change Everything for Neglected Diseases?
Dr. Richard Lester
Neglected Global Diseases Initiative, Division of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, UBC
Re-imagining Aging: Adding Life to Years
Dr. Heather Anne McKay
Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, Departments of Orthopaedics & Family Practice, UBC
Dr. Joanie Sims-Gould
Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, Department of Family Practice, UBC
Future Child Health and World Human Population: Relationships between Population Size, Environmental Effects and Health and Well-being of Children
Dr. Sally Otto
Biodiversity Research Centre, Department of Zoology, UBC
Dr. Peter Le Souef
School of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia
The Ethical Challenges of Herring Food and Value Chains
Dr. Evgeny Pakhomov
Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, UBC
Dr. Tony J. Pitcher
Fisheries Centre, UBC
Dr. Mimi E. Lam
Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences; Fisheries Centre, UBC
Dr. C.W. Matthias Kaiser
Centre for the Study of the Sciences and Humanities, University of Bergen, Norway
Miners, Minerals and Minamata: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Artisanal Gold Mining and Sustainable Development
Dr. Marcello Veiga
Mining Engineering, Faculty of Mining UBC
Mr. Ludovic Bernaudat,
UNEP Global Mercury Partnership
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Vienna, Austria
Please join us in congratulating our 2015-16 International Research Roundtable Award recipients.