# Patrick Dehornoy

Dr. Patrick Dehornoy, an "Exceptional Class Professor" at the University of Caen, is well known worldwide for his research in such diverse areas as set theory, topology, algebra and cryptography. A Senior Member of the Institut Universitaire de France, Dr. Dehornoy was awarded the Langevin Prize by the Académie des sciences, Paris, in 2005, among other honours. He recently has served as Scientific Deputy Director of the Mathematical Institute of the CNRS, France's research agency.

Dr. Dehornoy's mathematical interests have evolved from the foundations of set theory to fundamental contributions to our understanding of the famous braid groups which connect algebra and topology, and to other basic discoveries in algebra and group theory. Among his hundred mathematical publications are several influential mathematical books, and he has a large book in progress on the subject of Set Theory; the current contents can be accessed from his website.

## Primary Recipient Awards

## French Scholars Lecture Series, Patrick Dehornoy, 2014

Lecture:"Set Theory: The Last 50 Years"

At the interface of Mathematics, Computer Science, and Philosophy, Set Theory is both a fascinating subject and the victim of several misunderstandings: after the great successes in the first half of the XXth century, Set Theory was (mistakenly) thought to be a universal dogma' resulting in well-known educational damages' and to have come to an end, with a few mysterious questions due to remain open forever.

The aim of the lecture will be to present a more accurate view of what Set Theory is, namely a theory of infinity and what it is not. Starting from a historical approach and putting the emphasis on Cantor's celebrated Continuum Problem, we shall explain what is the meaning of the remarkable results established by Goedel and by Cohen. But, then, and mainly, we shall present a few results of modern Set Theory as it developed after Cohen, a most ignored topic in spite of wonderful achievements. In particular, we shall explain how some new axioms by and by acquired a status of mathematical truths, inviting everyone to develop his own reflection about truth and infinity in mathematics.